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2019Äę12ÔÂ21ČŐ 13:22 ĐĹϢąŕşĹŁşsnwZ9JvnN ÎŇŇŞÁôŃÔ
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246ĚěĚěşĂ˛ĘÁĎ ĂâˇŃĘŐÂź˛éŃŻŁş°ŮśČ ËŃšˇ 360   ˇÖĎí¸üŇ×´Ť˛Ľ
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钱】【文】【忠】【:】【比】【如】【说】【举】【一】【个】【例】【子】【,】【咱】【们】【如】【果】【今】【天】【到】【日】【本】【去】【我】【们】【发】【现】【日】【本】【是】【没】【有】【牙】【科】【的】【,】【大】【家】【到】【日】【本】【牙】【疼】【,】【如】【果】【你】【去】【日】【本】【说】【你】【要】【看】【牙】【日】【本】【人】【会】【非】【常】【惊】【讶】【,】【日】【本】【只】【是】【齿】【科】【,】【没】【有】【牙】【科】【,】【我】【们】【今】【天】【汉】【语】【中】【是】【牙】【齿】【并】【称】【的】【,】【为】【什】【么】【?】【实】【际】【上】【齿】【才】【是】【汉】【语】【,】【而】【牙】【就】【是】【沿】【着】【海】【上】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【传】【过】【来】【的】【一】【个】【词】【,】【这】【个】【词】【最】【早】【就】【是】【象】【牙】【,】【绝】【不】【指】【狗】【牙】【,】【更】【不】【指】【人】【的】【牙】【齿】【,】【人】【叫】【齿】【,】【兽】【叫】【牙】【,】【现】【在】【我】【们】【分】【不】【清】【了】【,】【我】【们】【医】【院】【已】【经】【叫】【牙】【科】【了】【,】【如】【果】【我】【们】【叫】【齿】【科】【大】【家】【会】【觉】【得】【很】【搞】【笑】【,】【这】【就】【是】【沿】【着】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【出】【来】【的】【。】ă€?】【另】【外】【现】【在】【年】【轻】【人】【称】【宝】【贝】【,】【这】【个】【当】【中】【宝】【是】【汉】【语】【,】【贝】【就】【不】【是】【了】【,】【贝】【也】【是】【沿】【着】【海】【上】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【传】【进】【来】【的】【,】【而】【最】【早】【是】【形】【容】【贝】【壳】【的】【贝】【字】【,】【就】【是】【这】【个】【字】【。】【今】【天】【像】【泰】【国】【语】【当】【中】【还】【是】【叫】【贝】【,】【在】【越】【南】【语】【当】【中】【象】【牙】【还】【是】【叫】【(】【越】【南】【语】【)】【这】【种】【影】【响】【非】【常】【深】【刻】【,】【影】【响】【了】【我】【们】【的】【习】【惯】【。】【这】【种】【例】【子】【很】【多】【。】ă€?】【随】【着】【佛】【教】【的】【传】【播】【也】【是】【沿】【着】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【传】【进】【来】【的】【,】【大】【家】【可】【以】【今】【天】【想】【象】【一】【下】【,】【我】【随】【便】【举】【一】【些】【词】【,】【比】【如】【说】【世】【界】【、】【法】【宝】【、】【天】【堂】【、】【地】【狱】【、】【信】【心】【、】【因】【果】【、】【变】【象】【、】【真】【理】【、】【圆】【满】【、】【平】【等】【、】【慈】【悲】【、】【方】【便】【、】【庄】【严】【,】【全】【部】【是】【沿】【着】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【随】【着】【佛】【教】【传】【进】【来】【的】【词】【,】【原】【来】【我】【们】【没】【有】【这】【样】【的】【词】【。】【如】【果】【把】【这】【些】【语】【言】【我】【们】【今】【天】【要】【抽】【掉】【的】【话】【恐】【怕】【我】【们】【谁】【都】【不】【能】【说】【话】【了】【。】【所】【以】【,】【它】【的】【这】【种】【影】【响】【力】【包】【括】【穿】【透】【力】【是】【非】【常】【强】【的】【,】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【最】【兴】【盛】【的】【时】【候】【我】【们】【知】【道】【当】【然】【是】【在】【中】【国】【的】【隋】【唐】【时】【期】【,】【当】【然】【唐】【朝】【正】【是】【因】【为】【它】【在】【沿】【着】【这】【样】【一】【个】【道】【路】【的】【网】【络】【中】【外】【交】【通】【高】【度】【发】【达】【,】【这】【是】【当】【时】【的】【一】【种】【全】【球】【化】【的】【样】【态】【可】【以】【这】【样】【看】【,】【导】【致】【唐】【朝】【整】【个】【经】【济】【、】【文】【化】【高】【度】【繁】【荣】【。】ă€?】【那】【么】【在】【唐】【朝】【的】【人】【物】【里】【面】【我】【们】【现】【在】【知】【道】【唐】【朝】【的】【很】【多】【如】【果】【从】【血】【统】【和】【基】【因】【上】【来】【讲】【,】【恐】【怕】【就】【是】【沿】【着】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【来】【的】【。】【咱】【们】【很】【熟】【悉】【的】【,】【比】【如】【讲】【白】【居】【易】【,】【我】【们】【知】【道】【他】【来】【自】【于】【中】【亚】【,】【李】【白】【在】【中】【亚】【待】【过】【很】【长】【的】【时】【间】【,】【在】【影】【响】【唐】【诗】【的】【作】【品】【,】【甚】【至】【像】【白】【居】【易】【这】【样】【的】【人】【,】【都】【用】【外】【语】【直】【接】【写】【诗】【,】【像】【非】【常】【著】【名】【的】【我】【随】【便】【举】【一】【个】【例】【子】【,】【比】【如】【说】【“】【一】【道】【残】【阳】【铺】【水】【中】【,】【半】【江】【瑟】【瑟】【半】【江】【红】【。】【”】【当】【时】【我】【们】【的】【老】【师】【解】【释】【一】【条】【降】【水】【碧】【绿】【,】【然】【后】【残】【阳】【如】【雪】【,】【因】【为】【残】【阳】【不】【那】【么】【暖】【和】【,】【所】【以】【一】【半】【江】【水】【瑟】【瑟】【发】【抖】【,】【映】【的】【残】【阳】【的】【雪】【感】【到】【特】【别】【得】【冷】【,】【还】【有】【另】【一】【个】【残】【阳】【把】【雪】【笼】【罩】【,】【小】【时】【候】【老】【实】【说】【这】【个】【倘】【使】【写】【得】【多】【好】【,】【有】【色】【彩】【、】【动】【态】【、】【瑟】【瑟】【发】【抖】【,】【瑟】【瑟】【就】【是】【我】【们】【讲】【的】【绿】【宝】【石】【,】【所】【以】【“】【一】【道】【残】【阳】【铺】【水】【中】【,】【半】【江】【瑟】【瑟】【半】【江】【红】【”】【是】【指】【江】【水】【一】【半】【是】【绿】【的】【,】【一】【半】【是】【红】【的】【,】【跟】【瑟】【瑟】【发】【抖】【没】【有】【一】【毛】【钱】【的】【关】【系】【。】【包】【括】【我】【们】【在】【唐】【朝】【的】【时】【候】【,】【隋】【唐】【的】【时】【候】【,】【有】【很】【多】【的】【帝】【王】【,】【用】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【沿】【线】【的】【语】【言】【来】【给】【自】【己】【起】【名】【字】【。】【比】【如】【像】【隋】【炀】【帝】【就】【有】【外】【文】【的】【名】【字】【,】【那】【隋】【炀】【帝】【如】【果】【奇】【怪】【的】【话】【,】【他】【有】【鲜】【卑】【族】【的】【系】【统】【,】【我】【们】【讲】【的】【王】【维】【这】【样】【的】【诗】【人】【,】【我】【们】【一】【致】【认】【为】【是】【中】【国】【传】【统】【的】【一】【个】【最】【具】【代】【表】【性】【的】【人】【物】【,】【但】【是】【可】【能】【大】【家】【没】【有】【注】【意】【到】【,】【他】【的】【字】【叫】【摩】【诘】【,】【我】【们】【很】【多】【朋】【友】【都】【知】【道】【的】【,】【把】【维】【摩】【诘】【菩】【萨】【拆】【开】【,】【第】【一】【个】【字】【作】【为】【自】【己】【的】【名】【,】【把】【摩】【诘】【作】【为】【自】【己】【的】【姓】【。】【就】【是】【把】【外】【语】【生】【生】【拆】【开】【,】【所】【以】【到】【了】【那】【个】【时】【候】【,】【其】【实】【在】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【上】【对】【我】【们】【的】【文】【化】【包】【括】【产】【生】【的】【影】【响】【非】【常】【多】【。】ă€?】【有】【些】【改】【变】【是】【我】【们】【今】【天】【很】【难】【去】【想】【象】【或】【者】【是】【判】【断】【的】【,】【然】【而】【这】【些】【改】【变】【发】【生】【,】【改】【变】【发】【生】【了】【以】【后】【,】【深】【刻】【地】【影】【响】【了】【我】【们】【这】【个】【民】【族】【。】【而】【这】【个】【影】【响】【到】【今】【天】【,】【很】【多】【可】【能】【是】【在】【基】【因】【层】【面】【,】【比】【如】【很】【多】【人】【知】【道】【,】【中】【国】【境】【内】【有】【犹】【太】【人】【,】【开】【封】【就】【有】【犹】【太】【人】【,】【开】【封】【的】【犹】【太】【人】【也】【是】【跟】【着】【咱】【们】【的】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【,】【当】【然】【这】【样】【进】【来】【的】【,】【他】【当】【时】【有】【座】【寺】【庙】【,】【这】【个】【寺】【庙】【叫】【做】【一】【赐】【乐】【业】【,】【就】【是】【以】【色】【列】【的】【寺】【,】【开】【封】【这】【个】【寺】【庙】【一】【直】【在】【,】【开】【封】【一】【直】【有】【犹】【太】【人】【,】【但】【是】【我】【们】【没】【有】【办】【法】【评】【他】【们】【的】【民】【族】【属】【性】【,】【我】【们】【定】【为】【回】【族】【,】【一】【直】【是】【回】【族】【,】【但】【是】【他】【们】【认】【为】【我】【们】【的】【祖】【先】【不】【是】【回】【族】【,】【我】【们】【是】【来】【自】【于】【以】【色】【列】【,】【但】【是】【他】【们】【的】【民】【族】【成】【分】【被】【定】【义】【为】【回】【族】【,】【为】【了】【表】【达】【一】【些】【自】【己】【的】【想】【法】【又】【不】【敢】【过】【于】【明】【确】【地】【坚】【持】【,】【他】【就】【不】【带】【那】【个】【回】【族】【朋】【友】【戴】【的】【白】【帽】【子】【,】【戴】【一】【个】【蓝】【帽】【子】【,】【当】【地】【就】【叫】【蓝】【帽】【回】【,】【其】【实】【不】【是】【回】【族】【。ă€?

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246ĚěĚěşĂ˛ĘÁĎ ĂâˇŃ钱】【文】【忠】【:】【比】【如】【说】【举】【一】【个】【例】【子】【,】【咱】【们】【如】【果】【今】【天】【到】【日】【本】【去】【我】【们】【发】【现】【日】【本】【是】【没】【有】【牙】【科】【的】【,】【大】【家】【到】【日】【本】【牙】【疼】【,】【如】【果】【你】【去】【日】【本】【说】【你】【要】【看】【牙】【日】【本】【人】【会】【非】【常】【惊】【讶】【,】【日】【本】【只】【是】【齿】【科】【,】【没】【有】【牙】【科】【,】【我】【们】【今】【天】【汉】【语】【中】【是】【牙】【齿】【并】【称】【的】【,】【为】【什】【么】【?】【实】【际】【上】【齿】【才】【是】【汉】【语】【,】【而】【牙】【就】【是】【沿】【着】【海】【上】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【传】【过】【来】【的】【一】【个】【词】【,】【这】【个】【词】【最】【早】【就】【是】【象】【牙】【,】【绝】【不】【指】【狗】【牙】【,】【更】【不】【指】【人】【的】【牙】【齿】【,】【人】【叫】【齿】【,】【兽】【叫】【牙】【,】【现】【在】【我】【们】【分】【不】【清】【了】【,】【我】【们】【医】【院】【已】【经】【叫】【牙】【科】【了】【,】【如】【果】【我】【们】【叫】【齿】【科】【大】【家】【会】【觉】【得】【很】【搞】【笑】【,】【这】【就】【是】【沿】【着】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【出】【来】【的】【。】ă€?】【另】【外】【现】【在】【年】【轻】【人】【称】【宝】【贝】【,】【这】【个】【当】【中】【宝】【是】【汉】【语】【,】【贝】【就】【不】【是】【了】【,】【贝】【也】【是】【沿】【着】【海】【上】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【传】【进】【来】【的】【,】【而】【最】【早】【是】【形】【容】【贝】【壳】【的】【贝】【字】【,】【就】【是】【这】【个】【字】【。】【今】【天】【像】【泰】【国】【语】【当】【中】【还】【是】【叫】【贝】【,】【在】【越】【南】【语】【当】【中】【象】【牙】【还】【是】【叫】【(】【越】【南】【语】【)】【这】【种】【影】【响】【非】【常】【深】【刻】【,】【影】【响】【了】【我】【们】【的】【习】【惯】【。】【这】【种】【例】【子】【很】【多】【。】ă€?】【随】【着】【佛】【教】【的】【传】【播】【也】【是】【沿】【着】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【传】【进】【来】【的】【,】【大】【家】【可】【以】【今】【天】【想】【象】【一】【下】【,】【我】【随】【便】【举】【一】【些】【词】【,】【比】【如】【说】【世】【界】【、】【法】【宝】【、】【天】【堂】【、】【地】【狱】【、】【信】【心】【、】【因】【果】【、】【变】【象】【、】【真】【理】【、】【圆】【满】【、】【平】【等】【、】【慈】【悲】【、】【方】【便】【、】【庄】【严】【,】【全】【部】【是】【沿】【着】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【随】【着】【佛】【教】【传】【进】【来】【的】【词】【,】【原】【来】【我】【们】【没】【有】【这】【样】【的】【词】【。】【如】【果】【把】【这】【些】【语】【言】【我】【们】【今】【天】【要】【抽】【掉】【的】【话】【恐】【怕】【我】【们】【谁】【都】【不】【能】【说】【话】【了】【。】【所】【以】【,】【它】【的】【这】【种】【影】【响】【力】【包】【括】【穿】【透】【力】【是】【非】【常】【强】【的】【,】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【最】【兴】【盛】【的】【时】【候】【我】【们】【知】【道】【当】【然】【是】【在】【中】【国】【的】【隋】【唐】【时】【期】【,】【当】【然】【唐】【朝】【正】【是】【因】【为】【它】【在】【沿】【着】【这】【样】【一】【个】【道】【路】【的】【网】【络】【中】【外】【交】【通】【高】【度】【发】【达】【,】【这】【是】【当】【时】【的】【一】【种】【全】【球】【化】【的】【样】【态】【可】【以】【这】【样】【看】【,】【导】【致】【唐】【朝】【整】【个】【经】【济】【、】【文】【化】【高】【度】【繁】【荣】【。】ă€?】【那】【么】【在】【唐】【朝】【的】【人】【物】【里】【面】【我】【们】【现】【在】【知】【道】【唐】【朝】【的】【很】【多】【如】【果】【从】【血】【统】【和】【基】【因】【上】【来】【讲】【,】【恐】【怕】【就】【是】【沿】【着】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【来】【的】【。】【咱】【们】【很】【熟】【悉】【的】【,】【比】【如】【讲】【白】【居】【易】【,】【我】【们】【知】【道】【他】【来】【自】【于】【中】【亚】【,】【李】【白】【在】【中】【亚】【待】【过】【很】【长】【的】【时】【间】【,】【在】【影】【响】【唐】【诗】【的】【作】【品】【,】【甚】【至】【像】【白】【居】【易】【这】【样】【的】【人】【,】【都】【用】【外】【语】【直】【接】【写】【诗】【,】【像】【非】【常】【著】【名】【的】【我】【随】【便】【举】【一】【个】【例】【子】【,】【比】【如】【说】【“】【一】【道】【残】【阳】【铺】【水】【中】【,】【半】【江】【瑟】【瑟】【半】【江】【红】【。】【”】【当】【时】【我】【们】【的】【老】【师】【解】【释】【一】【条】【降】【水】【碧】【绿】【,】【然】【后】【残】【阳】【如】【雪】【,】【因】【为】【残】【阳】【不】【那】【么】【暖】【和】【,】【所】【以】【一】【半】【江】【水】【瑟】【瑟】【发】【抖】【,】【映】【的】【残】【阳】【的】【雪】【感】【到】【特】【别】【得】【冷】【,】【还】【有】【另】【一】【个】【残】【阳】【把】【雪】【笼】【罩】【,】【小】【时】【候】【老】【实】【说】【这】【个】【倘】【使】【写】【得】【多】【好】【,】【有】【色】【彩】【、】【动】【态】【、】【瑟】【瑟】【发】【抖】【,】【瑟】【瑟】【就】【是】【我】【们】【讲】【的】【绿】【宝】【石】【,】【所】【以】【“】【一】【道】【残】【阳】【铺】【水】【中】【,】【半】【江】【瑟】【瑟】【半】【江】【红】【”】【是】【指】【江】【水】【一】【半】【是】【绿】【的】【,】【一】【半】【是】【红】【的】【,】【跟】【瑟】【瑟】【发】【抖】【没】【有】【一】【毛】【钱】【的】【关】【系】【。】【包】【括】【我】【们】【在】【唐】【朝】【的】【时】【候】【,】【隋】【唐】【的】【时】【候】【,】【有】【很】【多】【的】【帝】【王】【,】【用】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【沿】【线】【的】【语】【言】【来】【给】【自】【己】【起】【名】【字】【。】【比】【如】【像】【隋】【炀】【帝】【就】【有】【外】【文】【的】【名】【字】【,】【那】【隋】【炀】【帝】【如】【果】【奇】【怪】【的】【话】【,】【他】【有】【鲜】【卑】【族】【的】【系】【统】【,】【我】【们】【讲】【的】【王】【维】【这】【样】【的】【诗】【人】【,】【我】【们】【一】【致】【认】【为】【是】【中】【国】【传】【统】【的】【一】【个】【最】【具】【代】【表】【性】【的】【人】【物】【,】【但】【是】【可】【能】【大】【家】【没】【有】【注】【意】【到】【,】【他】【的】【字】【叫】【摩】【诘】【,】【我】【们】【很】【多】【朋】【友】【都】【知】【道】【的】【,】【把】【维】【摩】【诘】【菩】【萨】【拆】【开】【,】【第】【一】【个】【字】【作】【为】【自】【己】【的】【名】【,】【把】【摩】【诘】【作】【为】【自】【己】【的】【姓】【。】【就】【是】【把】【外】【语】【生】【生】【拆】【开】【,】【所】【以】【到】【了】【那】【个】【时】【候】【,】【其】【实】【在】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【上】【对】【我】【们】【的】【文】【化】【包】【括】【产】【生】【的】【影】【响】【非】【常】【多】【。】ă€?】【有】【些】【改】【变】【是】【我】【们】【今】【天】【很】【难】【去】【想】【象】【或】【者】【是】【判】【断】【的】【,】【然】【而】【这】【些】【改】【变】【发】【生】【,】【改】【变】【发】【生】【了】【以】【后】【,】【深】【刻】【地】【影】【响】【了】【我】【们】【这】【个】【民】【族】【。】【而】【这】【个】【影】【响】【到】【今】【天】【,】【很】【多】【可】【能】【是】【在】【基】【因】【层】【面】【,】【比】【如】【很】【多】【人】【知】【道】【,】【中】【国】【境】【内】【有】【犹】【太】【人】【,】【开】【封】【就】【有】【犹】【太】【人】【,】【开】【封】【的】【犹】【太】【人】【也】【是】【跟】【着】【咱】【们】【的】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【,】【当】【然】【这】【样】【进】【来】【的】【,】【他】【当】【时】【有】【座】【寺】【庙】【,】【这】【个】【寺】【庙】【叫】【做】【一】【赐】【乐】【业】【,】【就】【是】【以】【色】【列】【的】【寺】【,】【开】【封】【这】【个】【寺】【庙】【一】【直】【在】【,】【开】【封】【一】【直】【有】【犹】【太】【人】【,】【但】【是】【我】【们】【没】【有】【办】【法】【评】【他】【们】【的】【民】【族】【属】【性】【,】【我】【们】【定】【为】【回】【族】【,】【一】【直】【是】【回】【族】【,】【但】【是】【他】【们】【认】【为】【我】【们】【的】【祖】【先】【不】【是】【回】【族】【,】【我】【们】【是】【来】【自】【于】【以】【色】【列】【,】【但】【是】【他】【们】【的】【民】【族】【成】【分】【被】【定】【义】【为】【回】【族】【,】【为】【了】【表】【达】【一】【些】【自】【己】【的】【想】【法】【又】【不】【敢】【过】【于】【明】【确】【地】【坚】【持】【,】【他】【就】【不】【带】【那】【个】【回】【族】【朋】【友】【戴】【的】【白】【帽】【子】【,】【戴】【一】【个】【蓝】【帽】【子】【,】【当】【地】【就】【叫】【蓝】【帽】【回】【,】【其】【实】【不】【是】【回】【族】【。ă€? 】【 】【“】【发】【展】【的】【一】【个】【至】【关】【重】【要】【的】【因】【素】【,】【就】【是】【如】【何】【尽】【快】【地】【把】【科】【研】【的】【成】【果】【转】【化】【为】【生】【产】【的】【实】【践】【。】【在】【这】【个】【领】【域】【,】【中】【国】【的】【企】【业】【家】【应】【该】【发】【挥】【最】【大】【的】【积】【极】【性】【,】【使】【科】【研】【成】【果】【能】【够】【从】【实】【验】【室】【及】【时】【地】【转】【化】【为】【生】【产】【实】【践】【,】【在】【这】【方】【面】【我】【们】【有】【着】【巨】【大】【的】【潜】【力】【。】【”】【朱】【光】【耀】【表】【示】【。】【 】【 】【“】【在】【供】【给】【侧】【结】【构】【性】【改】【革】【的】【语】【境】【条】【件】【下】【,】【特】【别】【是】【看】【到】【其】【落】【脚】【于】【‘】【改】【革】【’】【二】【字】【的】【时】【候】【,】【就】【会】【意】【识】【到】【,】【这】【条】【宏】【观】【调】【控】【的】【主】【线】【索】【,】【或】【这】【一】【套】【宏】【观】【调】【控】【的】【制】【度】【体】【系】【依】【赖】【的】【主】【要】【力】【量】【是】【改】【革】【性】【的】【行】【动】【。】【”】【高】【培】【勇】【说】【。】【 】【 】【怎】【样】【调】【整】【节】【奏】【、】【力】【度】【和】【重】【点】【?】【在】【范】【恒】【山】【看】【来】【,】【适】【当】【调】【整】【结】【构】【性】【改】【革】【的】【节】【奏】【、】【力】【度】【和】【重】【点】【,】【要】【坚】【持】【提】【升】【传】【统】【经】【济】【与】【发】【展】【新】【经】【济】【、】【新】【动】【能】【并】【重】【,】【通】【过】【技】【术】【创】【新】【、】【体】【制】【约】【束】【、】【精】【神】【激】【励】【等】【提】【升】【产】【品】【和】【服】【务】【的】【质】【量】【,】【来】【促】【进】【消】【费】【水】【平】【的】【提】【升】【和】【消】【费】【的】【回】【流】【。ă€?

246ĚěĚěşĂ˛ĘÁĎ ĂâˇŃ 】【 】【【】【同】【期】【】】ă€?】【中】【国】【工】【商】【银】【行】【金】【山】【支】【行】【业】【务】【管】【理】【服】【务】【部】【经】【理】ă€?】【陆】【益】ă€?】ă€?】【你】【预】【约】【了】【不】【一】【定】【成】【功】【,】【要】【人】【民】【银】【行】【核】【查】【,】【防】【止】【你】【两】【次】【预】【约】【,】【一】【个】【身】【份】【证】【只】【能】【预】【约】【一】【次】【。】【第】【二】【个】【就】【是】【引】【进】【黑】【名】【单】【制】【度】【,】【也】【就】【是】【说】【你】【如】【果】【登】【记】【了】【不】【来】【领】【要】【进】【入】【黑】【名】【单】【,】【你】【下】【次】【就】【不】【能】【登】【记】【了】【。】【 】【 】【【】【解】【说】【】】【据】【悉】【,】【贺】【岁】【币】【预】【约】【时】【间】【为】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【年】ă€?】ă€?】【月】ă€?】ă€?】【日】【至】ă€?】ă€?】【月】ă€?】ă€?】【日】【,】【市】【民】【可】【在】ă€?】ă€?】【月】ă€?】ă€?】【日】【后】【网】【上】【查】【询】【预】【约】【结】【果】【。】【而】【错】【过】【这】【次】【贺】【岁】【币】【预】【约】【的】【市】【民】【还】【可】【以】【持】【续】【关】【注】【,】【如】【果】【在】【两】【次】【兑】【换】【后】【仍】【有】【剩】【余】【贺】【岁】【币】【会】【再】【次】【开】【放】【线】【下】【预】【约】【,】【具】【体】【时】【间】【和】【网】【点】【等】【信】【息】【将】【会】【再】【次】【公】【布】【。ă€? 】【 】【“】【发】【展】【的】【一】【个】【至】【关】【重】【要】【的】【因】【素】【,】【就】【是】【如】【何】【尽】【快】【地】【把】【科】【研】【的】【成】【果】【转】【化】【为】【生】【产】【的】【实】【践】【。】【在】【这】【个】【领】【域】【,】【中】【国】【的】【企】【业】【家】【应】【该】【发】【挥】【最】【大】【的】【积】【极】【性】【,】【使】【科】【研】【成】【果】【能】【够】【从】【实】【验】【室】【及】【时】【地】【转】【化】【为】【生】【产】【实】【践】【,】【在】【这】【方】【面】【我】【们】【有】【着】【巨】【大】【的】【潜】【力】【。】【”】【朱】【光】【耀】【表】【示】【。】【 】【 】【“】【在】【供】【给】【侧】【结】【构】【性】【改】【革】【的】【语】【境】【条】【件】【下】【,】【特】【别】【是】【看】【到】【其】【落】【脚】【于】【‘】【改】【革】【’】【二】【字】【的】【时】【候】【,】【就】【会】【意】【识】【到】【,】【这】【条】【宏】【观】【调】【控】【的】【主】【线】【索】【,】【或】【这】【一】【套】【宏】【观】【调】【控】【的】【制】【度】【体】【系】【依】【赖】【的】【主】【要】【力】【量】【是】【改】【革】【性】【的】【行】【动】【。】【”】【高】【培】【勇】【说】【。】【 】【 】【怎】【样】【调】【整】【节】【奏】【、】【力】【度】【和】【重】【点】【?】【在】【范】【恒】【山】【看】【来】【,】【适】【当】【调】【整】【结】【构】【性】【改】【革】【的】【节】【奏】【、】【力】【度】【和】【重】【点】【,】【要】【坚】【持】【提】【升】【传】【统】【经】【济】【与】【发】【展】【新】【经】【济】【、】【新】【动】【能】【并】【重】【,】【通】【过】【技】【术】【创】【新】【、】【体】【制】【约】【束】【、】【精】【神】【激】【励】【等】【提】【升】【产】【品】【和】【服】【务】【的】【质】【量】【,】【来】【促】【进】【消】【费】【水】【平】【的】【提】【升】【和】【消】【费】【的】【回】【流】【。ă€?

246ĚěĚěşĂ˛ĘÁĎ ĂâˇŃ 】【 】【在】【会】【见】【澳】【门】【社】【会】【各】【界】【代】【表】【人】【士】【时】【,】【习】【近】【平】【说】【,】【澳】【门】【回】【归】【祖】【国】ă€?】ă€?】【年】【来】【取】【得】【了】【令】【人】【自】【豪】【的】【成】【就】【,】【实】【现】【了】【“】【小】【而】【富】【”】【“】【小】【而】【劲】【”】【“】【小】【而】【康】【”】【“】【小】【而】【美】【”】【,】【在】【小】【小】【的】【桌】【子】【上】【唱】【出】【了】【精】【彩】【的】【大】【戏】【。】【这】【些】【成】【就】【的】【取】【得】【,】【凝】【结】【了】【全】【体】【澳】【门】【居】【民】【的】【智】【慧】【和】【辛】【劳】【。】【 】【 】【在】【会】【见】【澳】【门】【特】【别】【行】【政】【区】【纪】【律】【部】【队】【代】【表】【时】【,】【习】【近】【平】【表】【示】【,】【澳】【门】【回】【归】【祖】【国】【之】【后】【迅】【速】【并】【彻】【底】【扭】【转】【回】【归】【前】【治】【安】【不】【靖】【的】【状】【况】【,】【使】【澳】【门】【成】【为】【世】【界】【上】【最】【安】【全】【的】【城】【市】【之】【一】【。】【这】【是】【个】【了】【不】【起】【的】【成】【就】【。】【他】【希】【望】【大】【家】【始】【终】【牢】【记】【职】【责】【使】【命】【,】【忠】【于】【国】【家】【,】【守】【护】【澳】【门】【,】【服】【务】【市】【民】【,】【全】【力】【支】【持】【行】【政】【长】【官】【和】【特】【别】【行】【政】【区】【政】【府】【依】【法】【施】【政】【,】【当】【好】【“】【一】【国】【两】【制】【”】【在】【澳】【门】【成】【功】【实】【践】【的】【坚】【强】【卫】【士】【。ă€? 】【 】【“】【我】【们】【以】【前】【做】【饭】【生】【活】【全】【靠】【牛】【羊】【粪】【,】【现】【在】【家】【里】【基】【本】【用】【上】【了】【各】【种】【电】【器】【,】【现】【在】【就】【盼】【着】【村】【子】【里】【的】【电】【网】【改】【造】【完】【,】【通】【了】【动】【力】【电】【,】【放】【开】【手】【脚】【扩】【大】【畜】【牧】【养】【殖】【。】【”】【青】【海】【省】【海】【南】【藏】【族】【自】【治】【州】【共】【和】【县】【江】【西】【沟】【镇】【元】【者】【村】【村】【民】【索】【南】【达】【杰】【指】【着】【家】【中】【两】【台】【崭】【新】【的】【粉】【碎】【机】【说】【。】【 】【 】【“】【村】【子】【是】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【年】【通】【的】【电】【,】【现】【在】【由】【于】【电】【力】【设】【施】【老】【化】【,】【电】【压】【低】【,】【容】【量】【小】【,】【遇】【到】【极】【端】【天】【气】【,】【村】【民】【生】【活】【用】【电】【不】【稳】【定】【。】【”】【负】【责】【现】【场】【施】【工】【的】【国】【网】【海】【南】【供】【电】【公】【司】【项】【目】【管】【理】【中】【心】【张】【国】【强】【介】【绍】【说】【,】【该】【村】【平】【均】【海】【拔】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【多】【米】【,】【地】【广】【人】【稀】【,】【村】【民】【居】【住】【分】【散】【,】【电】【网】【改】【造】【工】【程】【实】【施】【困】【难】【较】【大】【。ă€?

246ĚěĚěşĂ˛ĘÁĎ ĂâˇŃ赵】【亮】【:】【各】【位】【领】【导】【、】【女】【士】【们】【、】【先】【生】【们】【:】ă€?】【大】【家】【下】【午】【好】【。】【非】【常】【高】【兴】【能】【代】【表】【杨】【浦】【区】【参】【加】【本】【次】【论】【坛】【,】【与】【各】【位】【一】【起】【探】【讨】【如】【何】【以】【科】【技】【创】【新】【更】【好】【服】【务】【经】【济】【高】【质】【量】【发】【展】【以】【及】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【国】【家】【战】【略】【。】【首】【先】【,】【我】【代】【表】【杨】【浦】【区】【委】【、】【区】【人】【民】【政】【府】【衷】【心】【预】【祝】【此】【次】【活】【动】【圆】【满】【召】【开】【。】ă€?】【杨】【浦】【是】【上】【海】【面】【积】【最】【大】【、】【人】【口】【最】【多】【的】【中】【心】【城】【区】【,】【具】【有】【百】【年】【大】【学】【、】【百】【年】【工】【业】【、】【百】【年】【市】【政】【,】【三】【个】【百】【年】【的】【深】【厚】【历】【史】【文】【化】【底】【蕴】【,】【在】【全】【国】【率】【先】【提】【出】【大】【学】【校】【区】【、】【科】【技】【园】【区】【和】【公】【共】【社】【区】【,】【三】【区】【融】【合】【、】【联】【动】【发】【展】【的】【核】【心】【理】【念】【。】ă€?】【新】【世】【纪】【以】【来】【,】【从】【建】【设】【杨】【浦】【知】【识】【创】【新】【区】【,】【到】【国】【家】【首】【批】【国】【家】【创】【新】【型】【城】【区】【,】【再】【到】【打】【造】【上】【海】【市】【具】【有】【科】【创】【成】【果】【的】【重】【要】【承】【载】【区】【以】【及】【国】【家】【首】【批】【双】【创】【示】【范】【基】【地】【,】【杨】【浦】【始】【终】【将】【国】【家】【战】【略】【、】【上】【海】【使】【命】【同】【杨】【浦】【机】【遇】【结】【合】【在】【一】【起】【。】【经】【过】【十】【多】【年】【的】【发】【展】【,】【成】【功】【走】【出】【了】【一】【条】【从】【工】【业】【杨】【浦】【到】【知】【识】【杨】【浦】【再】【到】【创】【新】【杨】【浦】【的】【创】【新】【驱】【动】【转】【型】【发】【展】【之】【路】【。】ă€?】【其】【间】【,】【杨】【浦】【始】【终】【坚】【持】【三】【区】【联】【动】【的】【理】【念】【,】【积】【极】【整】【合】【各】【方】【资】【源】【,】【为】【创】【新】【创】【业】【服】【务】【,】【杨】【浦】【三】【区】【联】【动】【的】【理】【念】【与】【启】【迪】【论】【道】【提】【出】【的】【三】【螺】【旋】【创】【新】【模】【式】【中】【的】【大】【学】【、】【企】【业】【、】【政】【府】【也】【不】【谋】【而】【合】【,】【在】【推】【动】【大】【众】【创】【业】【、】【万】【众】【创】【新】【的】【过】【程】【当】【中】【,】【与】【启】【迪】【之】【星】【有】【着】【深】【度】【而】【紧】【密】【的】【合】【作】【。】【启】【迪】【之】【星】【自】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【年】【落】【户】【到】【杨】【浦】【以】【来】【,】【全】【面】【深】【入】【地】【加】【入】【到】【杨】【浦】【创】【新】【创】【业】【的】【各】【项】【工】【作】【中】【,】【多】【次】【承】【办】【了】【全】【国】【双】【创】【周】【主】【会】【场】【的】【重】【大】【活】【动】【,】【连】【续】【三】【年】【在】【创】【新】【创】【业】【评】【估】【排】【名】【当】【中】【名】【列】【前】【茅】【,】【成】【为】【杨】【浦】【创】【新】【、】【创】【业】【的】【重】【要】【力】【量】【。】ă€?】【启】【迪】【之】【星】【在】【杨】【浦】【集】【聚】【了】【丰】【富】【的】【要】【素】【,】【充】【分】【发】【挥】【了】【启】【迪】【集】【群】【式】【的】【创】【新】【优】【势】【。】【一】【是】【与】【海】【内】【外】【知】【名】【高】【校】【合】【作】【,】【引】【入】【了】【清】【华】【大】【学】【、】【西】【南】【威】【尔】【士】【等】【相】【关】【创】【新】【资】【源】【,】【与】【区】【域】【内】【复】【旦】【大】【学】【、】【同】【济】【大】【学】【等】【知】【名】【高】【校】【紧】【密】【联】【系】【,】【培】【育】【、】【培】【养】【创】【新】【人】【才】【。】ă€?】【二】【是】【集】【聚】【启】【迪】【环】【境】【、】【启】【迪】【A】【I】【等】【相】【关】【板】【块】【以】【及】【新】【思】【科】【技】【(】【音】【)】【、】【亚】【马】【逊】【、】【英】【伟】【达】【等】【资】【源】【,】【开】【创】【孵】【化】【新】【模】【式】【,】【搭】【建】【了】【启】【迪】【之】【星】【A】【I】【创】【新】【中】【心】【以】【及】【产】【业】【赋】【能】【中】【心】【,】【促】【进】【了】【杨】【浦】【区】【众】【多】【中】【小】【企】【业】【与】【产】【业】【龙】【头】【企】【业】【的】【对】【接】【融】【合】【,】【加】【快】【发】【展】【,】【为】【传】【统】【企】【业】【进】【一】【步】【赋】【能】【,】【未】【来】【我】【们】【希】【望】【启】【迪】【各】【业】【务】【板】【块】【能】【够】【与】【杨】【浦】【在】【更】【多】【的】【领】【域】【开】【展】【紧】【密】【的】【合】【作】【,】【发】【挥】【各】【自】【优】【势】【,】【携】【手】【投】【入】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【长】【三】【角】【一】【体】【化】【的】【高】【质】【量】【融】【合】【发】【展】【。】ă€?】【最】【后】【,】【再】【次】【预】【祝】【活】【动】【圆】【满】【成】【功】【,】【并】【祝】【在】【座】【的】【各】【位】【身】【体】【健】【康】【、】【万】【事】【如】【意】【,】【谢】【谢】【大】【家】【。ă€? 】【 】【拼】【车】【回】【家】【正】【成】【为】【越】【来】【越】【多】【年】【轻】【人】【的】【春】【运】【新】【选】【择】【。】【某】【顺】【风】【车】【企】【业】【发】【布】【的】【《】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【春】【节】【出】【行】【大】【数】【据】【》】【显】【示】【,】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【年】【春】【节】【期】【间】【,】【该】【企】【业】【顺】【风】【车】【的】【平】【均】【拼】【车】【距】【离】【为】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【公】【里】【,】【平】【均】【拼】【车】【时】【长】【为】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【分】【钟】【,】【平】【均】【拼】【车】【费】【用】【为】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【元】【,】【中】【长】【途】【出】【行】【成】【为】【顺】【风】【车】【的】【主】【要】【订】【单】【。】【大】【数】【据】【还】【将】【为】【春】【运】【顺】【风】【车】【助】【力】【不】【少】【。】【 】【 】【事】【实】【上】【,】【“】【互】【联】【网】【+】【”】【给】【春】【运】【带】【来】【的】【变】【化】【还】【有】【不】【少】【。】【春】【运】【期】【间】【,】【一】【些】【地】【方】【为】【了】【满】【足】【旅】【客】【出】【行】【多】【样】【化】【需】【求】【,】【定】【制】【巴】【士】【开】【始】【进】【军】【市】【场】【。】【采】【取】【线】【上】【线】【下】【相】【结】【合】【,】【多】【种】【下】【单】【方】【式】【预】【约】【行】【程】【。ă€?

246ĚěĚěşĂ˛ĘÁĎ ĂâˇŃ主】【持】【人】【:】【感】【谢】【于】【部】【长】【的】【精】【彩】【演】【讲】【,】【下】【面】【有】【请】【复】【旦】【大】【学】【历】【史】【系】【教】【授】【钱】【文】【忠】【先】【生】【为】【大】【家】【演】【讲】【,】【题】【目】【是】【《】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【再】【认】【识】【》】【我】【们】【掌】【声】【欢】【迎】【。】【钱】【文】【忠】【:】【非】【常】【容】【幸】【能】【够】【参】【与】【这】【个】【论】【坛】【,】【我】【刚】【才】【听】【了】【董】【事】【长】【的】【讲】【话】【以】【后】【我】【有】【一】【个】【非】【常】【特】【别】【的】【感】【受】【,】【我】【从】【事】【这】【个】【专】【业】【研】【究】【如】【果】【全】【国】【人】【到】【期】【最】【多】【只】【有】【五】【个】【,】【而】【且】【这】【个】【人】【数】【还】【在】【急】【剧】【减】【少】【,】【我】【感】【觉】【特】【别】【奇】【特】【,】【因】【为】【从】【我】【个】【人】【的】【经】【历】【来】【讲】【大】【概】【三】【十】【多】【年】【前】【,】【我】【是】【改】【革】【开】【放】【以】【后】【比】【较】【早】【,】【应】【该】【说】【是】【最】【早】【的】【这】【么】【一】【批】【到】【当】【时】【的】【西】【北】【去】【留】【学】【,】【去】【学】【习】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【古】【文】【字】【的】【这】【么】【一】【个】【人】【,】【从】【来】【没】【想】【到】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【会】【成】【为】【那】【么】【热】【的】【一】【个】【话】【题】【,】【当】【初】【我】【们】【去】【到】【德】【国】【留】【学】【的】【时】【候】【是】【因】【为】【中】【国】【连】【直】【接】【研】【究】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【沿】【线】【文】【字】【的】【人】【才】【都】【没】【有】【,】【所】【以】【改】【革】【开】【放】【之】【初】【的】【时】【候】【把】【我】【们】【这】【些】【文】【科】【生】【派】【到】【欧】【洲】【去】【学】【习】【,】【学】【习】【的】【就】【是】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【文】【字】【,】【从】【来】【没】【想】【过】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【会】【成】【为】【这】【么】【热】【的】【话】【题】【。】ă€?】【今】【天】【我】【们】【聚】【集】【在】【这】【里】【谈】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【,】【我】【想】【我】【谈】【不】【出】【什】【么】【,】【我】【刚】【才】【听】【了】【很】【多】【演】【讲】【领】【导】【、】【嘉】【宾】【深】【受】【教】【育】【,】【但】【是】【还】【有】【一】【句】【话】【是】【其】【实】【我】【都】【听】【不】【太】【懂】【,】【因】【为】【我】【只】【关】【心】【公】【元】ă€?】ă€?】【世】【纪】【的】【事】【,】【公】【元】【十】【世】【纪】【以】【后】【的】【事】【我】【也】【搞】【不】【明】【白】【。】【我】【为】【什】【么】【给】【自】【己】【设】【了】【一】【个】【题】【目】【叫】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【再】【认】【识】【?】【可】【能】【现】【在】【看】【我】【们】【提】【的】【最】【多】【的】【也】【就】【是】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【,】【实】【际】【上】【我】【们】【把】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【年】【习】【主】【席】【提】【出】【这】【样】【一】【个】【倡】【议】【,】【他】【实】【际】【上】【在】【当】【时】【提】【的】【是】【推】【动】【共】【建】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【经】【济】【带】【和】ă€?】ă€?】【世】【纪】【海】【上】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【,】【所】【以】【我】【们】【这】【个】【才】【叫】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【,】【是】【用】【一】【种】【回】【归】【的】【方】【式】【去】【走】【向】【未】【来】【,】【用】【一】【种】【继】【承】【的】【方】【式】【,】【去】【开】【拓】【一】【种】【崭】【新】【的】【可】【能】【性】【。】【所】【以】【当】【时】【用】【的】【就】【是】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【,】【但】【是】【在】【我】【们】【这】【个】【专】【业】【看】【来】【因】【为】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【名】【称】【到】【今】【天】【只】【有】【一】【百】【年】【,】【德】【国】【的】【一】【个】【地】【理】【学】【家】【写】【了】【一】【本】【书】【《】【中】【国】【》】【(】【音】【)】【而】【这】【里】【面】【(】【英】【语】【)】【的】【词】【,】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【这】【个】【词】【最】【早】【出】【现】【在】【德】【文】【里】【面】【叫】【(】【英】【语】【)】【,】【我】【们】【的】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【都】【是】【从】【德】【文】【过】【来】【的】【,】【这】【个】【时】【间】【是】【在】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【年】【,】【而】【在】【那】【个】【时】【候】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【概】【念】【非】【常】【相】【似】【,】【是】【从】【公】【元】【前】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【年】【到】【公】【元】【前】ă€?】ă€?】ă€?】【年】【之】【间】【,】【非】【常】【精】【确】【的】【时】【间】【,】【这】【样】【的】【跨】【度】【中】【国】【和】【印】【度】【间】【和】【中】【亚】【和】【丝】【绸】【为】【路】【为】【媒】【介】【的】【这】【条】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【。】ă€?】【此】【后】【到】ă€?】ă€?】【世】【纪】【初】【又】【有】【一】【位】【学】【者】【写】【了】【一】【本】【书】【,】【把】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【延】【伸】【到】【地】【中】【海】【西】【岸】【和】【小】【亚】【西】【岸】【才】【确】【定】【了】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【的】【基】【本】【内】【涵】【,】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【西】【岸】【是】【德】【国】【人】【提】【出】【来】【的】【。】【但】【是】【很】【多】【朋】【友】【没】【有】【想】【过】【,】【你】【看】【咱】【们】【在】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【沿】【线】【发】【现】【玉】【门】【关】【这】【样】【的】【地】【名】【,】【明】【显】【和】【玉】【的】【交】【易】【有】【关】【,】【但】【是】【没】【有】【地】【名】【和】【丝】【绸】【交】【易】【有】【关】【。】【有】【人】【提】【出】【新】【疆】【的】【苏】【路】【(】【音】【)】【这】【个】【词】【和】【丝】【绸】【有】【关】【,】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【比】【我】【们】【想】【象】【的】【要】【复】【杂】【古】【老】【的】【多】【,】【这】【条】【路】【上】【当】【然】【曾】【经】【交】【易】【过】【丝】【绸】【,】【但】【是】【站】【在】【中】【国】【的】【历】【史】【上】【最】【早】【交】【易】【玉】【石】【的】【线】【路】【。】ă€?】【时】【间】【限】【制】【没】【有】【办】【法】【展】【开】【,】【只】【能】【把】【这】【个】【领】【域】【的】【思】【考】【简】【短】【向】【各】【位】【嘉】【宾】【做】【一】【个】【汇】【报】【。】【首】【先】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【不】【是】【一】【个】【单】【数】【词】【,】【是】【一】【个】【复】【数】【词】【,】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【绝】【不】【是】【一】【条】【道】【路】【或】【者】【是】【一】【个】【方】【向】【的】【道】【路】【,】【他】【是】【像】【人】【类】【血】【管】【系】【统】【那】【样】【是】【一】【个】【网】【络】【状】【,】【所】【以】【后】【来】【我】【们】【也】【说】【了】【海】【上】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【,】【包】【括】【日】【本】【有】【学】【者】【提】【出】【陶】【瓷】【之】【路】【,】【包】【括】【最】【近】【有】【人】【提】【出】【茶】【叶】【之】【路】【,】【包】【括】【有】【人】【提】【出】【过】【麝】【香】【之】【路】【,】【重】【要】【里】【面】【用】【的】【麝】【香】【之】【路】【。】【包】【括】【提】【出】【陆】【上】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【、】【海】【上】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【、】【草】【原】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【,】【还】【有】【所】【谓】【的】【南】【方】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【,】【就】【是】【超】【越】【今】【天】【中】【国】【四】【川】【的】【凉】【山】【彝】【族】【自】【治】【州】【的】【这】【条】【线】【通】【往】【印】【度】【,】【这】【是】【一】【个】【网】【。】ă€?】【第】【二】【点】【这】【个】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【我】【们】【可】【能】【过】【去】【一】【直】【关】【注】【于】【它】【在】【物】【质】【层】【面】【的】【意】【义】【和】【价】【值】【,】【实】【际】【上】【它】【绝】【不】【仅】【仅】【是】【条】【物】【质】【教】【育】【之】【路】【,】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【更】【大】【程】【度】【上】【是】【文】【化】【、】【信】【仰】【、】【精】【神】【、】【艺】【术】【,】【是】【和】【宗】【教】【的】【一】【条】【交】【流】【道】【路】【,】【沿】【着】【这】【条】【道】【路】【太】【多】【的】【文】【化】【概】【念】【、】【太】【多】【的】【信】【仰】【形】【态】【、】【太】【多】【的】【艺】【术】【形】【式】【沿】【着】【这】【条】【道】【路】【在】【世】【界】【上】【传】【播】【。】【东】【西】【方】【彼】【此】【改】【变】【了】【自】【己】【的】【生】【活】【,】【没】【有】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【,】【没】【有】【我】【们】【今】【天】【讲】【的】【这】【个】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【,】【其】【实】【今】【天】【的】【世】【界】【是】【不】【能】【想】【象】【的】【,】【我】【们】【没】【有】【办】【法】【想】【象】【我】【的】【老】【师】【季】【羡】【林】【先】【生】【曾】【经】【说】【过】【人】【类】【出】【现】【过】【很】【多】【文】【明】【,】【但】【是】【一】【直】【没】【有】【中】【断】【或】【者】【基】【本】【没】【有】【中】【断】【,】【而】【一】【直】【延】【续】【到】【今】【天】【,】【很】【深】【刻】【的】【影】【响】【着】【人】【类】【命】【运】【的】【大】【概】【是】【这】【么】【四】【大】【文】【明】【,】【中】【华】【文】【明】【、】【印】【度】【文】【明】【、】【古】【埃】【及】【文】【明】【,】【古】【埃】【及】【和】【两】【河】【流】【域】【,】【算】【在】【一】【起】【,】【还】【有】【一】【个】【古】【希】【腊】【国】【,】【这】【四】【大】【文】【明】【在】【这】【个】【地】【球】【上】【只】【有】【一】【个】【交】【汇】【点】【,】【这】【个】【交】【汇】【点】【就】【是】【在】【陆】【上】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【的】【今】【天】【中】【国】【的】【新】【疆】【部】【分】【,】【包】【括】【今】【天】【中】【亚】【这】【个】【部】【分】【,】【这】【个】【部】【分】【的】【交】【流】【之】【复】【杂】【和】【精】【彩】【完】【全】【超】【出】【我】【们】【的】【想】【象】【,】【所】【以】【它】【可】【能】【还】【是】【一】【个】【从】【物】【质】【的】【角】【度】【还】【有】【一】【个】【文】【化】【精】【神】【信】【仰】【的】【意】【义】【。】ă€?】【另】【外】【一】【个】【,】【它】【是】【一】【个】【自】【然】【形】【成】【的】【一】【个】【信】【仰】【,】【跨】【越】【的】【时】【间】【非】【常】【之】【长】【,】【跨】【越】【的】【历】【史】【条】【件】【非】【常】【之】【多】【。】【今】【天】【我】【想】【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246ĚěĚěşĂ˛ĘÁĎ ĂâˇŃ钱】【文】【忠】【:】【包】【括】【我】【们】【中】【国】【在】【很】【早】【,】【在】【中】【国】【境】【内】【就】【有】【非】【常】【多】【的】【黑】【色】【人】【种】【,】【这】【个】【已】【经】【有】【考】【古】【发】【现】【了】【,】【一】【直】【到】【唐】【代】【,】【在】【中】【国】【湖】【南】【境】【内】【,】【依】【然】【有】【黑】【色】【人】【种】【,】【后】【来】【都】【改】【变】【了】【。】【所】【以】【,】【我】【想】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【改】【变】【了】【我】【们】【深】【刻】【到】【语】【言】【、】【深】【刻】【到】【血】【统】【、】【深】【刻】【到】【精】【神】【信】【仰】【的】【很】【多】【环】【节】【。】【在】【今】【天】【当】【然】【我】【们】【重】【新】【来】【讲】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【,】【可】【能】【我】【们】【很】【多】【朋】【友】【更】【关】【注】【的】【是】【一】【种】【经】【济】【或】【者】【地】【域】【政】【治】【或】【者】【是】【这】【样】【的】【意】【义】【,】【那】【么】【在】【古】【代】【大】【家】【没】【有】【这】【个】【意】【识】【,】【而】【这】【个】【所】【有】【的】【意】【识】【,】【就】【是】【从】【这】【里】【来】【的】【。】ă€?】【近】【几】【年】【,】【中】【国】【传】【统】【文】【化】【受】【到】【大】【家】【的】【高】【度】【重】【视】【。】【但】【是】【,】【我】【们】【其】【实】【在】【这】【样】【一】【个】【开】【放】【的】【年】【代】【,】【我】【们】【对】【自】【己】【传】【统】【的】【文】【化】【的】【认】【识】【,】【却】【越】【来】【越】【封】【闭】【。】【现】【在】【我】【们】【讲】【到】【中】【国】【的】【传】【统】【文】【化】【,】【我】【们】【好】【像】【讲】【的】【就】【是】【汉】【文】【化】【,】【而】【汉】【文】【化】【里】【面】【我】【们】【讲】【的】【就】【是】【孔】【孟】【,】【这】【个】【里】【面】【可】【能】【讲】【的】【还】【是】【朱】【习】【系】【(】【音】【)】【这】【是】【非】【常】【奇】【怪】【的】【,】【我】【们】【如】【果】【能】【用】【古】【人】【的】【形】【态】【,】【交】【融】【、】【包】【容】【多】【元】【多】【一】【些】【体】【验】【,】【我】【们】【知】【道】【中】【国】【的】【传】【统】【文】【化】【是】【应】【该】【包】【括】ă€?】ă€?】【个】【民】【族】【所】【有】【的】【文】【化】【成】【就】【,】【包】【括】【在】【漫】【长】【的】【历】【史】【阶】【段】【,】【沿】【着】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【,】【我】【们】【向】【西】【方】【学】【习】【的】【所】【有】【的】【文】【化】【传】【导】【。】ă€?】【比】【如】【说】【糖】【,】【我】【们】【知】【道】【在】【中】【国】【古】【代】【我】【们】【没】【有】【从】【甘】【蔗】【里】【面】【提】【取】【糖】【的】【基】【础】【,】【在】【很】【久】【以】【前】【,】【在】【敦】【煌】【出】【了】【一】【张】【长】【卷】【,】【就】【是】【一】【张】【很】【重】【的】【纸】【,】【这】【个】【卷】【上】【面】【写】【的】【是】【讲】【做】【一】【种】【东】【西】【叫】【煞】【割】【令】【,】【凶】【神】【恶】【煞】【的】【煞】【,】【切】【割】【的】【割】【,】【命】【令】【的】【令】【,】【当】【时】【学】【者】【研】【究】【,】【就】【发】【现】【趋】【势】【所】【谓】【的】【煞】【割】【令】【就】【是】【英】【语】【的】【(】【英】【语】【)】【,】【意】【思】【就】【是】【指】【糖】【,】【而】【且】【是】【指】【蔗】【糖】【。】【唐】【太】【宗】【派】【人】【沿】【着】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【到】【印】【度】【那】【摩】【羯】【寻】【回】【了】【从】【甘】【蔗】【做】【糖】【的】【方】【法】【,】【寻】【回】【来】【的】【时】【候】【,】【我】【们】【做】【不】【了】【,】【像】【今】【天】【那】【样】【的】【雪】【白】【的】【糖】【,】【所】【以】【是】【灰】【黑】【色】【,】【有】【点】【像】【日】【本】【那】【种】【糖】【,】【到】【了】【元】【朝】【的】【时】【候】【,】【有】【几】【个】【来】【自】【于】【埃】【及】【的】【人】【,】【在】【中】【国】【福】【建】【一】【带】【又】【教】【当】【地】【的】【中】【国】【人】【,】【用】【是】【石】【灰】【来】【提】【取】【糖】【里】【面】【的】【杂】【质】【,】【我】【们】【才】【有】【了】【今】【天】【的】【白】【沙】【糖】【,】【又】【沿】【着】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【传】【回】【了】【印】【度】【,】【在】【印】【度】【叫】【(】【印】【度】【语】【)】【印】【度】【人】【称】【为】【中】【国】【,】【在】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【和】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【的】【交】【流】【都】【是】【这】【样】【自】【然】【的】【,】【在】【各】【个】【层】【面】【改】【变】【了】【沿】【线】【很】【多】【民】【族】【和】【文】【化】【,】【包】【括】【因】【为】【今】【天】【的】【论】【坛】【我】【没】【有】【想】【到】【很】【多】【来】【自】【长】【三】【角】【一】【体】【化】【,】【我】【们】【知】【道】【长】【三】【角】【一】【体】【化】【有】【一】【个】【非】【常】【重】【要】【的】【是】【惊】【蜇】【这】【个】【物】【质】【,】【实】【际】【上】【惊】【蜇】【这】【个】【物】【质】【就】【是】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【所】【有】【,】【那】【里】【面】【的】【寺】【庙】【叫】【总】【管】【庙】【就】【是】【元】【代】【时】【有】【蒙】【古】【贵】【族】【在】【这】【里】【建】【立】【的】【寺】【庙】【,】【他】【们】【当】【地】【的】【总】【管】【府】【后】【来】【变】【成】【了】【寺】【庙】【,】【而】【有】【一】【个】【非】【常】【有】【名】【的】【小】【吃】【是】【烧】【卖】【,】【我】【们】【要】【不】【吃】【一】【些】【小】【混】【沌】【或】【者】【大】【混】【沌】【,】【如】【果】【我】【们】【从】【历】【史】【上】【理】【解】【其】【实】【人】【类】【的】【历】【史】【并】【不】【像】【我】【们】【过】【去】【想】【的】【那】【样】【好】【像】【在】【古】【代】【有】【种】【交】【通】【的】【不】【便】【,】【我】【们】【好】【像】【非】【常】【封】【闭】【非】【常】【闭】【塞】【。】【人】【类】【从】【来】【就】【是】【一】【个】【交】【流】【体】【和】【一】【个】【共】【同】【体】【,】【而】【后】【面】【这】【个】【地】【理】【大】【发】【现】【,】【实】【际】【上】【就】【是】【海】【上】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【后】【来】【的】【发】【展】【和】【延】【续】【而】【已】【,】【我】【们】【从】【中】【外】【交】【流】【的】【角】【度】【研】【究】【这】【个】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【,】【考】【古】【发】【现】【了】【非】【常】【复】【杂】【,】【有】【好】【多】【考】【古】【发】【现】【,】【是】【足】【以】【改】【变】【我】【们】【以】【往】【的】【历】【史】【的】【认】【知】【的】【。】【当】【然】【,】【由】【于】【时】【间】【的】【关】【系】【就】【不】【能】【一】【一】【向】【各】【位】【做】【汇】【报】【了】【。】ă€?】【我】【相】【信】【今】【天】【刚】【才】【屠】【院】【长】【提】【到】【的】【全】【球】【化】【的】【逆】【转】【,】【包】【括】【大】【家】【对】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【不】【同】【的】【意】【见】【,】【我】【们】【要】【知】【道】【实】【际】【上】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【就】【是】【对】【全】【球】【化】【一】【种】【回】【归】【,】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【就】【是】【对】【全】【球】【化】【的】【开】【放】【,】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【就】【是】【人】【类】【共】【同】【体】【在】【历】【史】【上】【丰】【硕】【成】【果】【的】【体】【现】【。】ă€?】【今】【天】【占】【用】【大】【家】【这】【么】【一】【点】【时】【间】【,】【我】【把】【我】【们】【这】【个】【领】【域】【关】【于】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【一】【些】【观】【察】【和】【思】【考】【向】【大】【家】【做】【汇】【报】【。】【当】【然】【这】【个】【和】【投】【资】【没】【有】【任】【何】【关】【系】【,】【我】【们】【这】【个】【领】【域】【对】【于】【这】【个】【是】【完】【全】【的】【没】【有】【这】【个】【概】【念】【,】【但】【是】【现】【在】【已】【经】【时】【间】【包】【括】【地】【理】【大】【发】【现】【以】【后】【对】【中】【国】【的】【改】【变】【从】【刚】【才】【前】【面】【讲】【的】【如】【果】【有】【关】【的】【中】【国】【从】【一】【个】【银】【资】【源】【缺】【乏】【的】【国】【家】【一】【度】【演】【变】【成】【银】【资】【源】【量】【非】【常】【大】【的】【国】【家】【,】【那】【是】【因】【为】【南】【美】【洲】【大】【量】【的】【银】【号】【通】【过】【马】【尼】【拉】【传】【到】【中】【国】【,】【一】【起】【传】【过】【来】【的】【还】【有】【土】【豆】【、】【番】【薯】【等】【等】【出】【现】【,】【这】【样】【的】【大】【发】【现】【我】【们】【现】【在】【区】【分】【为】【西】【方】【的】【地】【理】【大】【发】【现】【,】【实】【际】【上】【我】【们】【用】【一】【个】【更】【宏】【观】【的】【眼】【光】【来】【看】【还】【是】【一】【种】【西】【方】【文】【明】【对】【东】【方】【文】【明】【的】【接】【力】【,】【把】【东】【方】【后】【来】【阻】【断】【海】【上】【丝】【绸】【之】【路】【他】【们】【一】【种】【方】【式】【去】【探】【求】【。】【然】【而】【对】【于】【东】【方】【来】【讲】【可】【能】【是】【迷】【信】【,】【对】【于】【人】【类】【来】【讲】【可】【能】【是】【一】【种】【信】【念】【,】【这】【条】【线】【最】【后】【还】【是】【彻】【底】【打】【通】【,】【并】【且】【发】【挥】【了】【它】【重】【要】【的】【历】【史】【作】【用】【。】ă€?】【这】【样】【一】【些】【关】【于】【我】【们】【这】【个】【行】【业】【关】【于】【“】【一】【带】【一】【路】【”】【的】【一】【些】【思】【考】【,】【我】【就】【用】【一】【些】【最】【小】【的】【例】【子】【向】【各】【位】【做】【一】【个】【汇】【报】【,】【谢】【谢】【。ă€? 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